This is a status post. It doesn’t show the post title, but it does show the username of the person that posted it and their profile photo.
It’s not of much use unless you want to pretend your blog roll is Twitter. A Twitter that only you can post to. Fun eh?
Your public profile settings can be changed by going to the WordPress ‘W’ icon in the top-left and selecting Settings, then choosing Public profile in the right-hand menu.